What were the factors that motivated generally loyal Germans to actively resist Hitler and the Nazis? Given, his regime was brutal, and his henchmen routinely committed acts that would have sent them to the guillotine had they not been wearing the Nazi uniform. It was still a BIG step, however, to actively resist the Nazis. Some conspirators were ambivalent about their resistance efforts, however, because they knew that their actions would probably mean death for many Germans who did not support Hitler and the Nazis.
The following online dissertion by Mother Mary Alice Gallin explores these and other aspects of the German resistance to Hitler:
NOTE: Yes, Hitler’s regime used the guillotine to execute common criminals. Political prisoners were shot or hanged until 1943, when official policy changed and most of those unfortunates also lost their heads. Hitler didn’t pioneer the use of the guillotine in Germany, however: it had been in use in various German principalities for several centuries prior to Hitler's rise to power: